That Whole-Plant Feel: A Complete Guide to Full-Spectrum CBD Oil

by PP Health Admin / Jun 26, 2021

Here at PP Health, when it comes to CBD use, we believe in whole plant wellness. This is why we have carefully selected full-spectrum CBD (with a THC level below 0.2%) for our oils. So, if you would like to take a dive into the world of full-spectrum CBD oils, welcome! This article considers all of the most frequently asked questions pertaining to full-spectrum CBD oil, so consider this your complete guide to this type of CBD.

It's vital that we take care of our physical and mental well-being the best that we can, and CBD is becoming a popular supplement in this regard (and for good reason). After talking through the basics, we will cover the current areas of research into the potential benefits of full-spectrum CBD oil, and how best to consume it. So, make sure that you keep reading to become fully educated on the potential benefits of full-spectrum CBD, we are here to provide you with the information you need to make an educated decision.

What is CBD oil?

For those of you out there who are still unsure, let us begin by answering the question, 'what is CBD oil'? CBD is short for Cannabidiol, and it's an entirely natural, plant-based cannabinoid found in hemp (also known as cannabis Sativa) plants. CBD needs to be extracted from the plant before it can be used as a supplement. One popular method is via CO2 extraction, where the CBD (and other cannabis compounds known as cannabinoids) are extracted from the plant matter before being diluted with a carrier oil. The choice of carrier oil is also important, as it needs to be natural and organic. The most common choices for carrier oil include hemp seed oil and coconut oil, as they come with their own purported range of benefits.

For example, hemp seed oil may be helpful in reducing inflammation in the body and can contribute to maintaining the health of your skin. CBD oil can then be consumed via an oil, tincture, edible, topical, or by vaping CBD vape oil. Scientists have established that CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. This means that, when it's consumed, CBD won't negatively impact your mental state or intoxicate you. On the other hand, the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) cannabinoid can cause such an effect. Therefore, only trace amounts can be present in CBD products for them to be legal to purchase.

What is Full-Spectrum CBD oil?

There are three main types of CBD oil:

  • Isolate
  • Broad-Spectrum
  • Full-Spectrum

CBD isolate is exactly what the name suggests – an isolated form of CBD. There are many other active ingredients contained in the cannabis plant, and they are terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids. These all help to make up the complete profile of the cannabis plant. If you purchase a CBD isolate product, then you can be confident that it is purely CBD, without any of the other plant compounds. The manufacturers will need to remove all other compounds (except for CBD), and this leaves a CBD powder or in a crystalline form before any carrier oils are added to it.

Broad-spectrum CBD falls between isolate and full-spectrum. This type of CBD will contain other naturally occurring cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes. However, THC will not be present in the product, and if it is, then it will only be trace amounts.

So, what is full-spectrum CBD? As you have likely already guessed, this type of CBD contains all of the naturally occurring compounds from hemp. This includes THC, although you can be confident that our CBD oils at PP Health contain a maximum of 0.2% of THC. Did you know that there are 113 other compounds contained in the hemp plant? There's a lot of potential there! Our oils contain the following cannabinoids: CBDA, CBN, CBV, CBG, and CBC.

There are over 150 terpenes in hemp that help to contribute to its natural fragrance, in addition to bringing possible therapeutic benefits to the user. For example, the myrcene terpene is sweet and musky, and is purported to produce pain-relieving and muscle relaxant qualities. This is believed to be one of the most dominant terpenes in hemp. Flavonoids also contribute to the profile of the hemp plant. Flavonoids are present in plants in general, in addition to fruits, grains, and vegetables. They can also produce therapeutic effects, as research has demonstrated that the flavonoids in the cannabis plant demonstrate neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties.

The Entourage Effect

So, why choose full-spectrum CBD oil over the other options? One of the main things that often attracts people to this type of CBD is something known as the 'Entourage Effect.' This theory suggests that while cannabinoids (particularly CBD) may bring benefits on their own, when the plant works together as a whole, it may produce more significant benefits. This includes the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids in the plant working in synergy to potentially produce therapeutic benefits, as well as counteracting any of the psychoactive effects that THC could possibly produce.

We all have an internal endocannabinoid system (ECS) that helps to play a supporting role in many functions that are vital to our overall health and well-being. The general purpose of your ECS is to provide a much-needed sense of balance to our bodies, and it does this by regulating core functions so that our body can keep ticking over successfully. This is also known as homeostasis, as it's the role of the ECS to maintain normality and the health of the vital functions in the human body (for example, maintaining your core temperature). If the external weather is influencing your body, then the ECS will work on restoring your temperature back to a normal level.

This is where cannabinoid receptors come in, as we have a cell-signalling system that consists of receptors, enzymes, and neurotransmitters. The latter all contribute to maintaining homeostasis within the body. There are two main receptors throughout the ECS, known as CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are primarily located throughout the central nervous system, while CB2 receptors can be found throughout the body's immune system. Cannabinoids may interact with both receptors and help to influence them. Even if you consume no CBD products, your body will still produce endocannabinoids. By choosing full-spectrum CBD oil, you are consuming multiple different types of cannabinoids that may bind to these receptors in both the peripheral nervous system and your central nervous system. Therefore, you may be able to reap the benefits of the entourage effect by supplementing your endocannabinoid system with CBD.

The Current Research: The Possible Benefits of Full-Spectrum CBD

The research into any and all potential CBD benefits is continually growing. Here, we will address the current scientific literature that examines full-spectrum CBD, and the areas in which it may be able to improve your lifestyle.

A Combined Effect

One review published in 2011 examined a range of studies and research regarding the entourage effect. The authors suggest that consuming a combination of cannabinoids and terpenes can be beneficial for a range of issues, such as pain, inflammation, anxiety, fungal infections, and more.

Reducing the Effects of THC

The above review also highlights the potential benefits of full-spectrum CBD being able to reduce any of the possible unwanted side effects that can accompany THC. The review references an animal (rat) study, demonstrating that CBD combated excessive hunger, sedative effects, and feelings of anxiety. It also means that the user can be confident that they won't feel any negative mood changes or experience a feeling of being intoxicated that is largely linked to recreational cannabis use.

Potential Neuroprotective Benefits

One study (published in 2018) reported that some terpenes and flavonoids may provide us with anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. The authors note that the combination of these compounds could help to enhance the therapeutic potential of CBD. Therefore, this research highlights the potential benefits of the various compounds of the cannabis plant working together to provide improved wellness potential, particularly when it comes to supplementing our brain's health.

Potential Pain Management

Woman sitting alone on sofa clutching her back in pain

We all find ourselves in the position of having to deal with pain at some point in our lives. This could be as simple as a headache or stomach ache or be caused due to a more chronic illness, such as arthritis, or widespread pain like that associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). One review published in 2018 raises the point that using full-spectrum CBD may be more effective for relieving pain symptoms, particularly when compared to CBD isolate. This is due to the combined effort of both THC and CBD.

Less Processed

Finally, full-spectrum CBD can be regarded as the least processed form of CBD, and therefore more natural. This is particularly the case in comparison to CBD isolate. Many people see this as a benefit, as they prefer the idea that what they are consuming is a completely natural, plant-based product. In addition to this, CBD is generally a very tolerated substance, with very few known or serious side effects.

What Other Benefits Might CBD Bring?

While more studies do need to be conducted into the potential benefits linked to full-spectrum CBD, the situation looks promising. So, what other purported benefits can CBD in general add to your lifestyle? It's also vital to note here that these benefits of CBD may also relate to the full-spectrum variety.

CBD for Sleep

This is one of the most intriguing areas of research into CBD, and sleep health (also called 'sleep hygiene') is a popular reason for consuming CBD for many people. There were two significant pieces of research published in 2014. One study examined the use of CBD on four people who were experiencing a sleep disorder known as REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD). The four patients also had Parkinson's disease, although that does not relate to this study. The symptoms of RBD include thrashing around in your sleep, calling out, acting out your dreams and nightmares, and experiencing poor sleep in general. The authors concluded that the use of CBD was able to successfully treat the patients' symptoms, and they experienced no adverse side effects.

The second piece of research examined the literature around CBD and sleep. They reported that CBD may also be able to help promote wakefulness. This is linked to a lower dose of CBD. Feeling groggy is often linked to insomnia, as people experiencing a lack of sleep can encounter difficulties feeling 'awake' the following day. It can be tricky for people to concentrate on their daily tasks when they haven't slept well, and CBD may be able to help with that, although further research is still needed to confirm its potential effects on sleep patterns.

Woman in a white and grey bed resting her head against a pillow with her eyes closed

Finally, a review published in 2018 referenced the amount of research into CBD for pain. They noted that there's a growing body of evidence into how CBD may be able to help patients manage their pain symptoms, particularly signs of chronic pain. Chronic pain is linked to long-lasting pain that isn't condition-specific. For example, it could be backache or related to an injury. This type of pain can prohibit people from getting a good night's sleep, and therefore CBD may be able to reduce pain symptoms and promote sleep.

CBD for Anxiety

Anxiety can be an extremely debilitating mental health condition. In data from the year 2017, it was estimated that 284 million people globally were suffering from an anxiety-related condition. Anxiety can cause a range of both physical and physiological symptoms, such as a racing heart, excessive sweating, a sense of dread, feeling restless, and many more.

In 2019, a double-blind study was published. Thirty-seven teenagers took part in this investigation, and they were all experiencing social anxiety disorder (SAD). This investigation took place over a period of four weeks, and the teenagers either received a daily placebo or a dose of 300mg of CBD oil. To gauge how they were feeling, the participants filled in surveys to assess their symptoms. The results and implications of the study were extremely promising, as the CBD group participants experienced a reduction in their anxiety symptoms. A follow-up revealed that some of the participants had even decided to seek help following this study. It has been reported that teenagers experiencing SAD are reluctant to seek help or treatment due to the stigma surrounding mental health conditions.

Research published in 2020 examined the effects of CBD on a group of adults who reside in New Zealand. They were all experiencing various health issues, such as anxiety, mental health issues, non-cancer pain, and cancer symptoms. All of the participants were given a medical prescription for CBD. Following three weeks of the treatment, every group of participants reported that their symptoms had improved, and so had their overall quality of life. In particular, those who were coping with depression or anxiety found that they were able to conduct their daily business and tasks with fewer stress symptoms and less anxious feelings.

CBD for Skin Health

There's a growing body of scientific evidence to suggest that CBD may be able to help promote the health of the body's largest organ – our skin. For example, research published in 2019 stated CBD holds potential for helping to combat dry and itchy skin. These are common symptoms of many various types of skin conditions, and therefore could stand to help many different people. It's also suggested that, due to this, CBD may be suitable for use by people with sensitive skin. Additionally, CBD has been linked to being an anti-inflammatory substance (as well as being potentially able to reduce pain, as we discussed earlier), and CBD may therefore be able to help manage symptoms of skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema.

CBD oil may also be useful in the supplementation of acne symptoms. This skin condition is one of the most common in humans, and there's evidence that CBD could help to treat it. Research from 2014 conducted a lab study on human sebocytes. These are the cells in the skin that create the oily substance commonly referred to as sebum. The study examined the effects of CBD oil on the sebocytes. The sebum that is produced helps to protect the outer layer of the skin; however, when our body produces too much of it, sebum can be one of the leading causes of acne. The study indicated that CBD might be able to prevent the skin from producing too much sebum, and therefore it could potentially help to prevent acne. In addition to this, research from 2019 indicated that CBD oil could possibly help to prevent scars related to skin issues.

Finally, research from 2016 highlighted the antibacterial and antifungal properties of the cannabis plant. This could possibly help to prevent skin infections, and to keep our skin more healthy overall. Although further research needs to take place, CBD for skin health is a promising area of research.

How To Consume Full-Spectrum CBD Oil

So, how do you consume full-spectrum CBD oil? Here at PP Health, we pride ourselves on customer satisfaction and simplicity. For any of our full-spectrum oils, you simply need to draw up the desired amount into our drip pipette and place the drops underneath your tongue. This is known as the sublingual method of CBD consumption, as the CBD content will be absorbed via the soft tissue underneath your tongue. This is one of the potentially quickest ways to feel the possible effects of CBD, and therefore it can be the ideal method of consumption for many people needing quick relief from pain or anxiety.

Of course, if you would prefer to avoid the natural taste of hemp, then you can always add the oil to your food and drink. However, you would need to keep in mind that edible forms of CBD take longer to feel the effects. It may take up to one hour, and some of the CBD content can be lost along the way. This is due to the reality that the CBD needs to move through your liver and digestive system before it may reach the bloodstream, with the compound (and its potential benefits) being degraded along the way.

Another commonly asked question is 'how much CBD oil do I take'? There's no one simple answer to this question, as it will depend on a range of factors. For example, your height, body fat percentage, metabolism, and your weight will all affect your best CBD dosage. It will also depend on the concentration of CBD that you have purchased. Here at PP Health, we offer a range of concentrations, as we realise that everyone has individual needs. For example, we have three full-spectrum CBD oils in our Superb Collection. Our Classic CBD Oil is available in 5, 10, 20 and 25 percent concentrations. The Gold Mild CBD Oil is available in a range of CBD content from 10, 20 and 30 percent. Finally, our Superb Boost CBD not only utilises water for more effective absorption, but also you can choose between 5, 10, 15, and 20 percent CBD concentration. We would advise that you begin with a lower dose of CBD concentration and slowly work your way up to higher doses and potencies as needed, especially if you are new to CBD use. Combined with this, it's a good idea to administer just a few drops and to monitor how it affects you. This will allow you to establish a dosing schedule.

You can consume CBD oil at any time of the day or night, depending on what best suits your individual needs. For example, some people prefer to consume CBD in the morning to begin their day, while others who use CBD for sleep will consume their desired number of drops around one hour before they go to sleep. Full-spectrum CBD oil is also an excellent supplement for as and when you need it. This could mean using CBD oil when your muscles feel sore following an exercise session, or before a work presentation to potentially help calm those frazzled nerves. Just do what works best for you!

Final Thoughts

That concludes our complete guide to full-spectrum CBD oil. The more people begin to educate themselves on the potential benefits that whole-plant wellness can bring to their lives, the more popular full-spectrum becomes. It's easy to see why! With this type of CBD, you may benefit from the whole plant (including flavonoids, cannabinoids, and terpenes) working together synergistically for more effective therapeutic benefits. If you have not yet tried CBD oil, or you are new to full-spectrum, then it's always a good idea to begin slowly. This is in terms of both CBD concentration and the number of drops you administer. Take things slowly, and it won't be long until you find your full-spectrum CBD sweet spot.